Learning Disorders

Learning Disorders

Boy with Books & Learning Disorder

There is wide variation among patients with learning disorders. For this reason, it is very important to have objective testing that measures the various metabolic variables we have found important in treatment. No two patients are alike. A program is designed based on the results of testing. The first three weeks of the program are designed to ease you into the changes that will eventually get you to your goal. Below is a brief description of the various metabolic functions we test and some of the treatments.


The Significance of Elimination

The body’s immune competence and general ability to function properly is directly tied to its ability to eliminate waste and toxins. Great attention must be given to correcting digestive function as a necessary step in treating not only ADD, ADHD, and related behavior, developmental and communication disorders, but Autism, Asperger’s and Tourrettes.

Impaired Elimination

Some individuals have an impaired ability to eliminate wastes. This buildup eventually causes a cascade of other problems. Allergies are a symptom of excessive buildup (toxicity) and can also be made worse by “leaky gut” which itself can be a symptom of excessive antibiotic use. Of course, the digestive system is a main elimination system, and has in the past been investigated for its role in autism. While our center has been doing research in this area for over 18 years, we feel it is important to incorporate this finding to those with learning and behavioral disorders.

Some of the factors causing impaired elimination can include:

  • Allergies
  • Chemical & Other Environmental Toxicity
  • Dysbacteriosis
  • Fungal Overgrowth
  • Heavy Metal Toxicity
  • Leaky Gut & Inflammation of Gut Mucosa
  • Metabolic Abnormalities
  • Overuse of Antibiotics
  • Parasites
  • Poor Diet and Nutrition Habits
  • Prolonged Pervasive Inflammation
  • Viruses

Learning disorders span a vast array of behaviors and symptoms.

With increasing pollution and the degradation of dietary habits internationally, we have seen an increase in the incidence of both developmental and learning disorders.

There are often overlapping definitions for learning and behavioral issue (ADD, ADHD).  In the realm of our clinical practice, we do not consider labels critical unless they add a dimension of usefulness to the actual act of helping the patient. It doesn’t matter what label you use, if you do not treat the underlying metabolic problems, behaviors and learning issues will very likely not improve to an optimal level.

Treatment Must Be Approached From Many Angles

Our treatments address multiple factors that are known to have impact on behavior and learning. We have listed below some of the steps we currently use in the assessment and treatment of learning and developmental disorders. Of course, the customized treatment plan can only be designed after a complete history and physical, meeting with the child’s parents and metabolic testing.

Comprehensive Digestive Stool Analysis (CDSA)

Disordered digestion is present in most cases of autism and developmental disorders. In our 1992 study, 92% of subjects had disordered digestive functioning. When the digestive malfunction in these subjects was treated, behavior improved. Changes that have been reported are:

  • Better sleep patterns
  • Better bowel habits
  • Increase eye contact
  • Better relationships
  • Increased vocabulary
  • Better attention
  • Decreased fears
  • Better problem solving
  • More socially appropriate behaviors

Treatments of the digestive tract must be highly specific to the individual for optimal results. Toward that end one of the most critical tests we do evaluates every facet of digestion including enzymes, acidity, transit time, balance of normal flora, evaluation of abnormal organisms, parasitology, etc. All total this test yields over 24 different measures of digestive efficiency.

The treatment derived from these values helps the child regain normal digestive functioning by healing the digestive tract, re-balancing gut ecology, cleansing any harmful fungus, bacteria or parasites, and then adding adequate nutrients. Once the digestive function has begun to be corrected, proper nutrition is introduced, and the process of healing begins. Regaining a normal digestive tract is the foundation of our treatment plan. Only then can nutrients be properly assimilated.


Parasites love your digestive tract. Parasitology deserves extra attention in the case of autistic and developmentally challenged individuals. While many people can appear to function normally while having parasites, there is an incremental improvement in behavior when parasites are cleansed in the developmentally compromised child. Parasites excrete their wastes into the children, who already have a compromised ability to eliminate their own waste. In some cases, parasite cleansing alone has produced stark results in improved behavior and health. When testing determines the existence of parasites, a sensitivity test helps identify what medication will successfully eradicate the pest.


Focused Nutritional Therapy

Nutrition Food

At the risk of stating the obvious, nutrition is critical.  Our approach is focused and highly specific to each child’s metabolic profile. We make nutritional recommendations that are derived directly from comprehensive testing and history.

Fatty Acid Assay

Since the brain and nervous system are composed of more than 60% fat, it is essential for the diet to contain the proper kinds and amounts of lipids. This will vary among individuals. Our center does a very highly specific fatty acid test that evaluates different lipid and lipid metabolite values and ratios. The patient is directed to eat the proper fats based on the test results. Proper fats are necessary to keep the right permeability for cell membranes to allow food in and waste out.

Amino Acid Testing

The amino acid testing we do includes amino acid and metabolic values. As with the fatty acid test, we make adjustments in the diet to accommodate for imbalances. Here again, proper proteins in the diet are necessary in order to build healthy cells.


Heavy Metal Toxicity

The elimination of toxic metals has improved learning and behavior.  Metals are abundantly present in our world and can come from literally thousands of places (e.g. soda cans, deodorant, toothpaste, candy, cookware, air, water, paint, plumbing, etc.). Fortunately, there are a number of ways to accomplish the removal of these toxins. Dr. Kotsanis has over 18 years of experience using Chelation in both adults and children. There are a number of different chelating agents and methods. The method selected depends on which metals are being removed, issues regarding convenience, and the age and constitution of the patient.

Chemical Toxicity & Sensitivities

In our 1992 study, we verified the existence of chemicals, food additives, and food sensitivities in this population. Again, as with metal toxicity, there are numerous methods for chemical detoxification. Where the patient’s toxic chemical load is excessive, a series of massage and saunas may be prescribed. The patient’s excretory organs must be in good working order prior to beginning such a program. The best way to eliminate chemicals is through the skin by infra-red sauna.


LDA (Low Dose Antigen Therapy)

LDA is a form of allergy therapy that has shown a high level of effectiveness in ADD and ADHD, as well as other developmental and learning disorders. We have been using this treatment in our clinic since 1995. Treatment requires the patient to be present in the doctor’s office every two to three months for an injection. The treatments last for three years. After that point some people need boosters, while others can discontinue therapy. LDA works by manipulating cytokine production to block allergies.


Viruses have been found to be a factor in this population. We use medications and homeopathic remedies to deal with this aspect of treatment. Homeopathic treatments prescribed by our office can be administered at home.



The Five Senses

Vision is an often-overlooked aspect in developmental disorders, since some of the children may not be able to effectively communicate any problems in this area. Yet more than 80% of all sensory input is visual. Therapeutic sensory integration lenses, prescribed by Dr. Collier, a functional optometrist, in addition to providing proper refraction (20/20 vision), also compensate for other anomalies. The therapeutic prescription produced in the lenses serves to disperse the light stimuli so that the image correctly reaches the retina. This helps coordinate the visual input of both the peripheral and central image formations to the brain. Once the light has reached the correct anatomical part of the retina, the retina will fire signals to the brain in the proper sequence. This produces a more accurate image. The special lenses thus change the timing at which an image reaches the brain. The examination does not require patient cooperation. It requires a visit to Dr. Collier’s clinic for examination by the optometrist.



Many patients have an under-active thyroid. At this point, when there is a deficiency, the hormone is added to the treatment plan. In some cases, other adjustments in diet may help re-balance the thyroid function thus lessening dependence on thyroid medication. Hypothyroidism often responds to supplementation with iodine, fish oil, zinc, vitamin C and vitamin D3. If this does not correct it, then thyroid hormone replacement and close follow-up are indicated.


Infrared Laser Treatments

This treatment is used to bring down pain and inflammation and lymphatic dysfunction, which is a major characteristic of this population.


Homeopathy is used with many patients. It can be very helpful when dealing with fragile patients, since it is always a gentle and non-invasive treatment, which is also easy to deliver (usually sublingual drops or pellets). Most commonly homeopathy is helpful in dealing with the viral load and with heavy metal detoxification.

Chemical Buffers

Buffers are also tools in our arsenal. They are oral and act to change the pH inside the tissues of the body.



While we do not currently offer Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in our clinic, it is highly recommended. It is a medical treatment that uses high pressure oxygen as a drug. The patient is seated in an enclosure and pressurized oxygen is put into the cabin. By then adjusting the dose of the oxygen, the timing and the number of treatments, the oxygen treats the inflammation by forcing oxygen into the tissues of the body.